Upholstery Textile

Upholstery fabric can be made from any yarn or thread that is woven or knitted into a textile. Fibers such as cotton, linen, wool, hemp, polyester, polypropylene, nylon, acrylic, and rayon are strung on looms and woven, or knitted, into upholstery fabric. You can use one type of yarn or various combinations of yarn to weave or knit upholstery fabric.

Upholstery fabric, once woven, is then backed with a latex, glue, or other textiles to add stability to the fabric. This helps with durability and abrasion resistance in the long term. Some upholstery fabrics are not backed because they are woven for slipcover fabric. Without a backing, fabric can stretch and move better than fabrics that have a backing to them. Fabrics with backing will resist stretching and slouching when permanently upholstered to furniture.

After the upholstery fabric is woven and backed, it’s folded or rolled onto a roll. Back in the day, folding was the original way to store fabrics. Soon after, rolling them on rolls was found to be a better process because there was less creases when it came time to upholster the fabric on furniture. Nowadays, upholstery fabric is still stored on rolls, or bolts, that range in the amount of yardage stored on them. Typical rolls of fabric are 50 yards, but some companies consider a roll to be 30 yards. It all depends on the weaver of the fabric.